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Sunday, October 17, 2021

Saraswati flowed in Haryana till early 15th century: Study | Chandigarh News


KURUKSHETRA: The Saraswati is not a myth and the river used to flow in Haryana till early 15th century (1402 AD), finds a new study of the Centre of Excellence for Research on the Saraswati River (CERSR) in Kurukshetra University. CERSR director Professor A R Chaudhari, who has been working on the River since 2005, said the findings of his study ‘Saraswati River in northern India (Haryana) and its role in populating the Harappan civilization sites – A study based on remote sensing, sedimentology and strata chronology’, has been published in the prestigious peer-reviewed SCI International Journal of Archeological Prospection, published in the United Kingdom by John Wiley publishing group.
Prof Chaudhari said the motive of this study is to comprehend the chronology of events, especially the cause and the time period when water stopped flowing in this river system in the foothills of Yamunanagar in Haryana. The study claims that nearly all the paleo-channels of the river system in Haryana and adjoining Rajasthan have been traced.
“The river system has two major paleo-channels. One passes through Yamunanagar, Ambala, Kurukshetra, Pehowa, Kaithal, Jind, Fatehabad and Sirsa before entering Hanumangarh in Rajasthan. The second represents the Drishadwati river, which is a tributary of the Saraswati in Vedic times, passes through Yamunanagar, Karnal, Panipat, Sonipat, Jind and Hisar districts before flowing through Rawatsar in Rajasthan.”
The study found that the old bathing ghats (banks) at Bilaspur and Saraswati Nagar in Yamunanagar district, at Bhadrakali Temple in Kurukshetra and at Saraswati Tirtha, Thehpolar and Satora in Pehowa and at Thana in Kaithal are located on the same Saraswati paleo-channel which goes from Adi Badri in Yamunanagar to Sirsa in Haryana and further beyond into Rajasthan.
The team from KU and Inter-University Accelerator Centre, New Delhi, found that all major archaeological sites in Haryana — Siswal, Rakhigarhi, Banawali, Bhirrana, Kunal, Balu and Thana — are located at a radial distance of less than 500m from the Saraswati or the Drishadwati paleo-channels. Also, that the Harappan settlements in Haryana and Rajasthan nucleated and prospered in the fertile channel bars and interfluves of this river system. The presence of significant clay beds indicate that around 14,000 years, 6,000 years and 4,000 years ago there was a weakening of monsoons and drought conditions which resulted in near absence of flow in the channels.
Haryana government had set up CERSR at KU in 2017, with a mandate to scientifically validate the Saraswati river system and its associated heritage.





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